Types of Diabetes
Type-1: It is definitely the far more serious and complicated, the simple reason being in this that the pancreatic beta cells are totally dead or defective, and hence no production of insulin. Therefore, regular, lifelong, insulin injections are required to maintain normal blood sugar.
Children, young men, women and those whose sugar levels can't be controlled by tablets come under this category. It can happen to older persons, too, but very rarely. It is also termed as Juvenile Diabetes, Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or IDDM. This illness develops fast.
Type-II: Nearly 90 per cent of diabetics come under this category. Their bodies produce little or defective insulin. Most of them develop this type of diabetes when they are around 40 to 50 years of age, and if they follow proper diet and exercise, can live on tablets without ever having to take insulin. But usually they don't take it seriously and they end up with insulin sometime in their lives.
It's also termed maturity-onset diabetes, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM. This illness progresses slowly.
Some Other Types
Malnutrition-related diabetes: Millions, especially among the rural population, suffer from malnutrition-related diabetes. Also young people with severe malnutrition and starvation, develop diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: Some women have high blood sugar during pregnancy. This is termed gestational diabetes. 95 per cent of the gestational diabetes disappears after childbirth. If women are below 25 years, it's very rare. Generally, gestational diabetes symptoms are mild.